Life is architected in such a way as to provide a "ratcheting" mechanism that enables innovation to be preserved, as a kind of “scaffolding”, against the threat of loss. Scaffolding is a temporary structure that supports people to work from. Habituality and habits are a kind of scaffolding without which we would continuously be falling back from our innovations. Habits then are an essential facet of life like a kind of scaffolding or “fossilised stool” of prior progress that we then stand upon to reach even higher. This is the first of three important facets of habituality.
Habits are provisional rules of what works
One of the valuable facets of a habit is that it has some degree of effectiveness in helping us to get more of what we want. Habits can potentially be formed when we repeat an action over and over again, and the primary reason we would do this is that it works. The second facet of habit is that it is helpful in obtaining some desired outcome. The American philosopher John Dewey called habits “embodiments of intelligence”; an essential embodying shortcut mechanism to support growth.
Habits are automatic and unconscious
Habits emerge in a particular situation that is constructed by our desires (what is important to us), our environment (what’s around us) and our capability. The gap between the desire and our environment creates a which we strive to reduce. When we find something that enables us to do this then we are likely to reuse this “strategy” in the same sort of situation.
When we repeat an action over and over gain it can become “ingrained” into our behaviour. The third facet of a habit is that it is an automatic “coupling” of the “stimulus” (our awareness) of a situation and our response (strategy) to it without the invention of conscious awareness. Habits always sit below conscious awareness and are a kind of machine that runs on autopilot.
The essential core features of a habit
Habits have 4 features that define them. They are
Automatic. They happen without intention
Mindless. They happen without conscious awareness.
Thoughtless. They happen without needing to think
Effortless. There happen without effort; we don’t need to engage our will.
Habits are repeated patterns of behaviour but not all repeated patterns of behaviour are habits
The third facet of habit (automatic and unconscious) can lead to it becoming a regular feature of our behaviour. However this doesn’t mean that all repeated patterns of behaviour are habits. A habit is such only if it conforms to the 4 essential core features of a habit. If the behaviour doesn’t conform to all of these then it’s something else; often its a “routine” or Practice.
Practices are repeated routines of behaviour that on the “outside” look like a habit. However a practice has 4 different features that define.
Intentional. Practices involve intention
Mindful. Practices require conscious engagement
Choiceful. Practices often entail making new choices to resolve a particular Meaning gap
Effortful. Practices require effort. If you need to engage your will in any way then it is a practice and not a habit.
Under construction under here
The 4 (5?) qualities of a habit
The essence of habituality
The essence of habituality is a fixed (dyadic) relationship between stimulus and response.
No choice, no presence, no awareness. Mechanical. A fixed non-adaptive robotic system and determined repertoire of behaviour.
A habit is like a mechanical “system” need better word that operates on autopilot by itself giving us headspace to focus on other things.
It’s also implicitly something that happens regularly in a particular situation.
The 3 different meanings of the word
1. Cultural POC
A "habit" is
a behaviour done routinely or regularly
An established custom or “usual mode of action”
"Something that you do often or regularly". "Established custom"
/“We are what we repeatedly do,”/ Aristotle
2. Science POV
This is distinct from the meaning of the word when used in a more scientific (psychological) orientatiion
"an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to a specific situation". "A thing that you do often and without thinking"
Wendy Wood says a habit is the “context response associations that you form in memory when you repeat a behavior often enough for it to become automatic”
there isn’t much evidence that rewards help form persistent habits. There's good evidence behavior will persist when we make it easier and reduce friction in the environment.
the path to breaking bad habits lies not in resolve but in restructuring our environment in ways that sustain good behaviors.
Can Brain Science Help Us Break Bad Habits?
3. Performance POV
What makes a habit potentially helpful is that it creates a robust response to a particular situation. It is also energy efficient in that it doesn’t have any cognitive load
In its broadest sense it is any static pattern of value-theories
Habits are unconscious and involutionary and entropic. Meaningful practice is conscious and evolutionary and negtropic. Ref Gurdjieff
A practice is the antidote to habituality
The new scaffolding is not only an income but the capability I needed to develop to create this. Practise pays twice
What habits are made of
The material out of which our life is scaffolded is our values and beliefs (value-theories). This is the building block of life. It creates a "scaffolding" from which to work from develop
Related to Kahneman’s “System 1 Decision making”
[[System 1 vs 2 Decision Making]]
System 1 is automatic, unconscious
What is the essence of a habit?
(In an inertial frame of reference), an object either remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity , unless acted upon by a force.
A fundamental and essential building block of the journey of life towards WII.
An automatism of the “situation-moment”. Helps accelerate the growth-evolution of life by building a ratcheting mechanism
A cue-or-trigger that fires when we find ourselves with a need in a particular situation archetype.
An implicit meaning-potential (“what is important?”)
attentionor-awarenness that we are in the situation-moment
A previously determined theory-of-action ascertained during inquiry from previous practice. This is not sub-conscious
Automatic enaction of the toa (the routine)
From 1990’s Learning Journal
Laws are our approximated descriptions of the orderly behaviour (truth in action) of a given evolutionary level. There are also universal laws describing evolutionary processes of growth common to each level. Our beliefs & values are our approximations of the cosmic laws. The laws are the static-pattern-of-order residue of the Dynamic evolutionary process
Donald Hoffman says that habits are only unconscious at a higher level of agency but not at the level of the “agent” that is “managing” the “situation-moment” of the habit
looking at the possibility that “what is, is and what ain’t, ain’t,” and that “true enlightenment is knowing you are a machine” and culminating in a realization that people do not need to be stuck with their automatic ways of being but can instead be free to choose their ways of being in how they live their lives
William James quote
Habit is thus the enormous fly-wheel of society, its most precious conservative agent. It alone is what keeps us all within the bounds of ordinance, and saves the children of fortune from the envious uprisings of the poor. It alone prevents the hardest and most repulsive walks of life from being deserted by those brought up to tread therein. It keeps the fisherman and the deck-hand at sea through the winter; it holds the miner in his darkness, and nails the countryman to his log cabin and his lonely farm through all the months of snow; it protects us from invasion by the natives of the desert and the frozen zone. It dooms us all to fight out the battle of life upon the lines of our nurture or our early choice, and to make the best of a pursuit that disagrees, because there is no other for which we are fitted, and it is too late to begin again. It keeps different social strata from mixing. Already at the age of twenty-five you see the professional mannerism settling down on the young commercial traveller, on the young doctor, on the young minister, on the young counsellor-at-law. You see the little lines of cleavage running through the character, the tricks of thought, the prejudices, the ways of the ‘shop,’ in a word, from which the man can by-and-by no more escape than his coat-sleeve can suddenly fall into a new set of folds. On the whole, it is best he should not escape. It is well for the world that in most of us, by the age of thirty, the character has set like plaster, and will never soften again.
Circles in Time response on the difference between practice and habits
The other issue I wanted to respond to was around habits. Yes it is helpful to build routines that contribute towards our happiness. But there is a world of difference between a genuine habit (something done automatically on autopilot, like a machine) and a practice; something done intentionally and usually requiring the engagement of my will. I contend you can't build a sustainable robust practice with operant conditioning. Habits are mindless, thoughtless, effortless and automatic. Brushing your teeth or driving a car qualifies as a habit, but exercising never will; unless your definition of exercise is like one of BJ Fogg's Tiny Habits. I think people like him and Wendy Wood, who shun the role of wilfulness as an essential competency of intentional behaviour change, do more damage than good to the field. The best of the field of Behaviouralism are people like James Clear, who whilst still using an outdated model, redeems himself in operating out of his personal experience and practical tools.
::in Kahneman’s terms, habits are “System 1”; practices are “System 2”.:: Only simple, unchanging, effortless behaviours can be system-1-ised. Thank goodness for the routine of practices, but they call for new behavioural models to operate from. I think we can learn as much from the field of performance coaches, sportspeople and artists as we can from behavioural scientists.
Gurdjieff says "every breaking of habit produces a change in the machine". He prefaces this by saying"Without struggle no progress and no result". In other words, it takes an effort to break your habituality.
"It is precisely in unconscious involuntary manifestations that all evil lies”
Gurdjieff on the danger of habituality from In search of the miraculous
[[Newton’s Laws/First law of inertia]] is ancillary to “habituality”